The roof support between a vehicle's front door window and rear
side window, if there is one.
A shaft designed so that, as it turns, it counter rotates the rotational
direction of the engine crankshaft in a manner that reduces or cancels
out some of the vibration produced by the engine.
A flexible joint consisting of a ball within a socket. Ball joints
act as pivots which allow turning of the front wheels and compensate
for changes in the wheel and steering geometries that occur while
Final/extra coat of paint layer over final color coats which provides
a deep and wet look shine to resist fading.
Belted Radial Tires
A reinforcing bank, normally textile, fiberglass or steel to strengthen
the tread area of a tire.
A type of tire in which the plies or layers of cord in the tire
casing are laid diagonally, criss-crossing one another at an angle
of 30 to 40 degrees.
Body structure and frame are two separate parts but are attached.
service outlet specializing in vehicle body repair work.
The diameter of an engine cylinder or bearing.
When repeated braking, results in build-up of heat which causes
reduction or "fading" of braking power and breaking is
Brake Horsepower (BHP)
The actual horsepower of an engine, measured by a brake attached
to the driving shaft and recorded by a dynamometer.
Brake Master Cylinder
Crucial part of your braking system, activated by applying pressure
on the brake pedal. The piston produces hydraulic pressure that
pushes fluid through the lines and wheel cylinders. This forces
the brake lining or pad against the drum or disc to slow the movement
of the car.
In a disc system, they are the replaceable flat segments consisting
of a rigid backing plate plus frictional lining that takes the place
of the shoe and lining in a drum brake. Brake pads are sometimes
referred to as brake pucks.
The arc-shaped carrier to which the brake linings are mounted in
a drum brake. They also force the lining against the rotating drum
A type of braking system in which brake shoes, in a vise-like caliper,
grip a revolving disk ounted on a wheel to slow or stop disc and
wheel rotation for braking.
A type of braking system that utilizes a metal drum mounted on a
wheel to form the outer shell of a brake. The brake shoes press
against the drum to slow or stop drum and wheel rotation for braking.